"The Wizard of Electro-Gravity Revisited"
(Return to Index Page)

by William L. Moore

Saga UFO Report

One of the arguments that has been used repeatedly over the years by those wishing to cast ridicule on the UFO phenomenon is the apparent scientific impossibility that any creature presumed to be operating the saucers would be able to withstand the buildup of "g" forces which must inevitably accompany the truly incredible speed and maneuverings which these objects appear to exhibit. According to these critics, the arguement that UFO's represent somebody else's space hardware is severely damaged by the fact that speeds running into the multiple thousands of miles-per-hour, apparent nonstop 90 degree turns, 180 course reverses, sudden split-second stops, and other seemingly "impossible" gyrations of every sort have all been reported with sufficient regularity as being associated with UFO activity. The argument goes that since no known material, much less living creature, could ever withstand the tremendous externally applied "g" stresses and pressures that would thus be developed, then the entire "nuts and bolts" concept of UFO's must be discounted as "scientifically impossible" and hence "nonexistent."

And, as far as this arguement goes, the critics have a point. Emphasize however, "as far as it goes"; for the key to this entire matter rests entirely upon the phrase "externally applied stresses and pressures.' Taken in its proper context, the only thing which would appear to be ruled out by such an arguement are such externally applied power sources as jets, rockets, atomic, ion and even magnetic drives. Given the weight of evidence which indicates that UFO's are powered devices of some sort, and taking into account the fascinating maneuvering capabilities of these objects, it seems highly likely that the power source involved has as one of its attributes the very desirable ability to negate externally applied stresses.

Interestingly such attributes are exactly what one would expect if the power source of these UFO's produced a controllable reaction to the universal gravitational field. Only through control of gravity itself can "thrust" be applied simultaneously to all the atoms and molecules not only of a powered craft, but to any object or being within it, thus eliminating completely (or very nearly so) any exteral pressures whatsoever. Virtually no sensation of acceleration or deacceleration would be felt by any being subjected to this type of field manipulation, no matter how erratically he might choose to maneuver his craft, since the propulsive "force" would act uniformly upon the atoms of his body as well as the atoms composing his "UFO."

If indeed some sort of utilization of the gravitational field is the power source of choice, then it might be of interest to ask just how close we are today to the development and utilization of this most mysterious of energies. What, for example, do we know about it that might give us some small clue as to the real nature of UFO propulsion?

"Gravitation is most certainly an energy packet that can be looked at as a wave packet. Looked at it in that way, it would be an exchange force between particles much like the strong and weak interactions (forces within and atom). If a static magnetic field is due to the spin of an electron, and if the electrical field is due to the axis of the spin, then the gravitational field, which is symmetrical around the particle, may represent yet another aspect of the force(s) responsible for the first two. Although all three are looked upon as sparate fields, they may well all be parts of the same complicated field. At least, that is what Dr. Einstein was trying to show with his unified field equations.

I believe the spin of the electron is all-important to the understanding of these fields, andd that this is one area which, until rather recently, has been largely overlooked by physics. I also believe that modern physics is on the edge of a new and rather helpful theory of matter based on the results of recent discoveries in the area of gravity. The discovery could conceivably come within the next few years or so, and most certainly within the next decade. Without it, modern physics, field physics that is, appears to have gone as far as our present theoretical conceptions can take it."

So stated a highly qualified theoretical mathematician consulted in a recent interview for the purposes of writing this article (he asked to remain anonymous).

Presuming that the gravitational field does indeed represent a usable source of energy, whether it be for propulsion or other purposes, the question then becomes quite simply, how does one get at it to use it?

One possible answer involves the investigation and utilization of what appears to be a unified field relationship of some sort between elecricity and gravity. Foremost among the scientists and inventors who have tried to make use of such a relationship is American physicist and inventor T. Townsend Brown who, for more than 50 years, has been actively researching "electro-gravitics" and producing astounding results. During the 1930's and '40's, working with principles developed in association with Dr. Paul Alfred Biefeld, erstwhile friend and associate of Dr. Einstein, Brown succeeded in demonstrating that certain properly constructed devices, when "energized" with a strong D.C. potential (up to 300 kilovolts), could be made to exhibit a substantial loss of weight without an accompanying loss of mass (see The Wizard of Electro-gravity, UFO Report, May 1978). Determined efforts to refine techniques and perfect methods finally bore fruit when, in the middle 1950's, Brown successfully flew, both in the air and later in vacuum, electro-gravitic disc-shaped "airfoils" powered only by high voltage direct current. These were demonstrated flying in 50 feet circles at speeds so incredible they were immediately classified. The principle involved was one discovered by brown himself - namely that certain high-K (capacitance) dielectrics, when subjected to high-voltage charges in the 50 to 300 kilovolt range with constant input, will exhibit motion toward the positive pole. Browns theory is that the capacitor is a useful tool in demonstrating the link between electricity and gravity in the same way that the coil is capable of representing the link between electricity and magnetism. He felt that given time as well as adequate funding and laboratory facilities, the problem of supplying the necessary electrical potential to the dielectrics from an internally transported power source while still enabling the crat to lift and maneuver efficiently could finally be overcome.

"Project Winterhaven," which involved providing power to Brown's discs through a wire attached to the edge of the disc and tethered to a central pole which was connected to an external power source, looked exciting but proved to be one frustration after another as it somewhat inexplicably failed to attract either substantial governmental/military interest or the much needed money that tends to go with it. Profoundly discouraged by an establishment that just didn't seem to care (quite possibly because their own secret research had been advanced to such a point that it had already surpassed Brown's privately funded efforts) Brown was eventually forced to abandon his efforts to build flyable hardware and to turn his talents to other more financially productive areas of scientific endeavor.

Even so, he never really gave up in his desire to discover a demonstrable connection between electricity and gravity. If large electrical potentials could be utilized to modify the local gravitational field, he reasoned, then certainly the opposite should be true as well. In an energy conscious world, any demonstration that gravity could readily be converted into usable electrical energy should have profound implications.

As far back as 1931, while working at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C., Brown discovered quite unexpectedly that the electrical resistivity of certain of the high-density dielectrics he was working with seemed to exhibit solar and sierial diurnal (i.e. daily) changes. Although interesting, the implications were largely ignored until more recently when it was discovered that some of these dielectrics have the even more startling property of exhibiting an unusual electrical "self-potential," which is to say that they have been demonstrated to be capable of producing an electrical "output" without the necessity of any prior "input." This output, while constant, seems to vary with the observed changes in resistance which had previously been observed in these substances.

Townsend Brown believes that this self-potential is the exact opposite of the electro-gravitic effect previously observed in his so-called "airfoils" - in essence a gravito-electric conversion process whereby gravitational energy is converted into electrical potential by means of the crystal and density properties of the dielectric involved. The effect has been observed with outputs as high as nearly one volt in a number of both natural and manmade dielectrics, among the most promising of which are barium titanate (K > 103 with a specific gravity > 5) and several forms of Hawaiian granite. Much effort has been expended to rule out the possibility that this electrical potential might be nothing more than the result of current induced by the Earth's magnetic field or any other readily identifiable electro-magnetic or magnetic source. Specially shielded rooms maintained under constant temperature and pressure conditions were used, as were tests conducted at various altitudes, under sea water, in a mine shaft deep within a mountain of iron, and within specially constructed electrically charged "cages" of wire mesh. In addition, attention was given to designing sophisticated nonresonant sensors so as to refine the detection process as much as possible and to rule out possible interferance from within the detection devices themselves. To date, no identifiable factor or combination of factors such as temperature, pressure, electromagnetic noise, influences of the Earth's magnetic field or solar radiation is adequate to explain the phenomenon observed.

Brown, however, is cautious about his conclusions, choosing only to reflect that the observed electrical self-potential "might very well" be the product of gravitationally induced electricity created when gravity wave radiation from the center of the galaxy pass through the Earth. Such radiation, he reasons, would not be perfectly penetrating, and therefore the small percentage of it absorbed by certain high capacitance dielectric substances present within the Earth's crust might well be readily converted into electrical energy and manifest itself as evident and measurable direct current self-potential. The necessary conversion from r.f. to d.c. presumably takes place within the dielectric itself as a solid state function of the dielectric's crystal structure.

It is not yet certain what apllications this discovery may ultimately have since there is no adequate way of predicting what its potential for development might be given time and proper funding for research. According to Brown, "if continuing observations...indicate that substantial currents may someday be available, and if cosmological theory suggests the thesis that adequate energy of this nature is generated...and can reach the Earth in useful amounts, (then) a new energy source may become available. With the inevitable depletion of fossil fuels and the present controversy over the safety of nuclear energy, an additional energy source would, indeed be welcome.

It should be remembered that those who first observed the initial evidence of atomic fission on sensitive cathode ray tubes in the late 1930's little suspected the existence of the tremendous power potential of atomic energy. If gravito-electrictiy is of equal potential, and there seems reason enough to suspect that it could be, then perhaps tomorrow's energy source, and indeed the power source of today's UFO's may well be closer at hand than we think.

In the absence of such side effects as would clearly be associated with any type of electromagnetically induced interference, it seems highly unlikely that UFO related "EM" effects are really EM in nature. Far more likely is that UFO's possess some Unified Field related method of converting electromagnetic energy into gravitational energy for use in a propulsion system perhaps very similar to but far more highly developed than that demonstrated by Townsend brown in his electro-gravitic research and inventions.

All things considered, the work and discoveries of Townsend Brown with respect to the apparent relationship between electricity and gravity is not only exciting but absolutely fascinating. Both his successes in constructing and demonstrating the operational capabilities of electro-gravitationally powered devices and his more recent (and ongoing) work in demonstrating apparently gravitationally induced electrical self-potential in high capacitance materials, seem to strongly suggest that he has found an explanation for the propulsion method utilized by whatever more highly advanced technology is responsible for flying saucers.

Whether the relatively insignificant electro-gravitic field produced by Brown's disc-shaped direct current powered "airfoils," which he first demonstrated in the 1950's, was capable of producing demonstrable effect upon nearby (within a few inches due to the scale involved) electrical systems is not known since no such tests were conducted. What is known is that the electrical field involved did indeed ionize the air immediately surrounding the "foils" as evidenced by a blue-white glow similar to that reported in connection with many UFO's.

Keep in mind, however that the tests that were run and the demonstrations that were given by Brown, first in the U.S. and later in England and France, were essentially with models and not with full-scale prototype vehicles. Equally, the emphasis of these tests was on the demonstration of a possible electro-gravitic propulsion system or method and not on whether certain questions about UFO's might thereby be answered. Although Brown was deeply interested in UFO's and the possible technology thereof (as evidenced by his founding of NICAP in 1956), his funds were severely limited and he was having enough problems with credibility as it was without any hints that his work might have been inspired by flying saucers.

With respect to the saucers however, certainly it is conceivable that any technology significantly more advanced than our own could have long ago overcome the difficulties involved and perfected a propulsion system utilizing principles and techniques the existence of which is only hinted at in Townsend Brown's work. If this is so, then the vehicle involved would most likely utilizesome form of atomic energy (probably a controlled fusion reactor using universally abundant hydrogen rather than the more cumbersome and less efficient fission process utilized by Earth's present atomic reactors) to produce a virtually limitless supply of electricity for the operation of a self-contained, highly efficient and maneuverable (both in the atmosphere and in space) electro-gravitic propulsion system - a system which would possess all of the characteristics and effects seemingly associated with many of the objects commonly reported as UFO's.

Almost certainly the field which accompanies these objects is a manifestation of their method of propulsion in much the same way as the exhaust from an automobile is directly related to the type of propulsion system involved. If this is so, then the so-called "EM" effect might be explained in that it could be caused quite incidentally by the conversion of the electrical field associated with conventional electrical systems as we known them into gravitational (or electro-gravitational) energy of a type which would be quite useless as far as lighting lightbulbs or operating spark plugs is concerned.

Whether Townsend Brown's recent work on a privately funded project known as "Xerxes" will provide more answers when the results are finally made available remains to be seen. But even more important perhaps is that Brown, who is now 76 years old, is finally beginning to gain some long overdue recognition as a pioneer in his own time.