"Practical Application for the Negative Time Hypothesis"

by Alexander V. Frolov

Scientific Expert of the Russian Physical Society
P.O.Box 37, 193024, St.-Petersburg, Russia
Tel: 7-812-2747877
Email: frolov@mail.dux.ru

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"The Hypothesis and The Equations of The Unified Matter Field" by Dr. A. A. Nassikas [1], is rare case of scientific mathematical publication devoted to fundamental questions but that is leading to the practical approach for space-time engineering. In some sense it is new solution for development of the free energy and gravitation technologies. The overview on the topic was made by Ph.Dr. H.E.Puthoff on the base of the Casimir-effect [2] is quite interesting but the author's conclusion is "In principle, yes" only, and the engineering for this topic seems as "a long way" by Puthoff. Also the "warp drive" idea by papers of 1994-1997 of Dr. Miguel Alcubierre, Max-Planck-Institute for Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institute, Germany, is the fine idea without any technological solution. Only author I can proposed for the discussion about practical approach to the vacuum engineering is Thomas E. Bearden. Let's find some analogies between Nassikas 's work and the "Gravitobiology" by T.E.Bearden to show the short practical way to the technologies of the future.

The vacuum or "space-time medium" by T.E.Bearden is described as cells of so called "gravitons" those are " the coupled photon/antiphoton pair". Note, that it is some paired processes. To make it more clean physically, we have to introduce the negative time axis for the "antiphoton". So, the notion for the "virtual particles" that is used in many papers as the unlimited sea of free energy can be physically introduced only with the notion for "negative time" and we must to take into account the "surface of time" or the "area of possible time directions". In this chronal area the pair of photon/antiphoton seems as balanced situation of two processes that don't require any energy input but it is the situation that is producing both photon and antiphoton form of energy. In other words, it is the "energy creation mechanics" itself, and the law of energy conservation seems as the law for "direct time" and "reversed time" balanced situation only. Sure, in our reality it is possible to detect by means of some measurement system only the half of the process, i.e. positive time process of the photon energy.

According to the hypothesis of Dr. A.A.Nassikas, there is no space-time without energy since "The existence or the non existence of energy implies the existence or the non existence of spacetime, and consequently of any geometry". In this point his concept is close connected with Bearden's "vacuum engine". Next point: by Nassikas, the energy of positive or negative electrical charge of the particle, i.e. its potential field energy can be presented as "equivalent to its internal time". So, the sign of the charge can be defined by the "time axis direction" and the process of electron is some opposition to the process of positron. The Bearden's photon/antiphoton pair is similar balanced situation. Note, the mass particle here is considered as some dynamical process [3], that is corresponding to some four-dimensional resonance condition, demonstrated in calculations for DNA-molecule and for other natural material elements.

Practical solution that was proposed by Thomas E. Bearden to create "the local rate of flow of time" that is "determined by the "local time-stress of vacuum potential" is application of some non-linear materials for translation of energy between different frequencies harmonics of electromagnetic wave. Normally, i.e. in ordinary time flow situation, the non-linear material produce the harmonics from a fundamental wave. By Bearden, "in a true time-reversed situation, non-linear materials can exhibit the production of a stronger fundamental from a combination of the fundamental and its harmonics". The principle that is named by Bearden as Stokes' principle of time reversibility", G.G.Stokes, Camb. Dubl. Math.J. 4, 1849, p.1, is interesting but we have to discuss something more that is connected with potential form of energy, i.e. with "stress of vacuum" by Bearden.

Dr. A.A.Nassikas and Dr. Miguel Alcubierre independently proposed to use the difference in local rate of the time flow as the source for propulsion force. By Nassikas, if "the space under the object attract the object" more or less than the upper one in strength of the different relative time around the object, the gravitation propulsion can be reached. So, all we need to make the next step from the theory to the technology is the way to change the rate of time. Is it too difficult? No, it is quite simple if we'll take into account some points:

a) The notion "time" in any case is connected with some certain material system, for example, with some elementary particle or with some planet system. Different velocity of light in different materials is demonstration of this connection.

b) The "space" of some curvature (of some rate of time) is bi-directional or many-directional energy process. The electricity is one of many possible balanced situations that described as bi-directional or two-polarity case. There are possibility for many-polarity energetic situations of three or more time flow directions.

c) There is no any difference in principle between atom and between the space around the atom, by Faraday [4]. So, the balanced chronal situation of the vacuum engine is corresponding to some real properties of some matter and we can work with matter to reach the changes in the balance of the vacuum engine in the area of this material object.

The vacuum is the medium of some known physical properties, for example, the dielectrical permittivity. Physically, it is connected with the velocity of spreading of the photon and since we can work with some different materials of known properties it means we have the possibility to change the parameters of the vacuum engine itself. The example of the practical application is quite old: patent USA number 3187206 of 1959 by Thomas T. Brown. The gradient of dielectrical permittivity is proposed and experimentally proved as the source of reactionless force. It is necessary to note that the same reactionless force is created on the border between two different dielectrical materials of the electrical capacitor as it is described in many textbooks on the properties of dielectrical materials. The problem of next step to the fundamental conclusions is the understanding of the physical connection between permittivity of material, velocity of light in the material and the local rate of time for this area of the space.

The patents by Thomas T. Brown include also asymmetrical interaction between electrodes, i.e. the topology of electrical field. Let's note the analogy between Nassikas' idea above on "energy and geometry of space" and solution by Brown for reactionless propulsion. The gradient of the electrical potential that is created by natural way with distance from the electrically charged particle is demonstration of the natural topology of the space, i.e. the electrical field is created according to the law of creation of the space itself. It is the reason for analogy between formulation for electrical and gravitation interaction. We have the possibility to change the topology of the electrical field, for example, by means of asymmetrical dielectrical member in the capacitor by Brown, so we have the possibility to compensate the natural gradient created by the properties of the space. It is the way to space-time engineering.

So, the conception by Dr. Nassikas and idea by Dr. Alcubierre are fine theoretical base for the technology that was practically discovered and proved by Thomas T. Brown. Modern industry, specialised in dielectrical materials, really is ready now for cheap mass production of the warp drive systems. The same technology is the base for self-rotation generators. The way is short and all we need is the commercial demand and engineering formulation of step-by-step program.

The concept for negative time by Dr. Nassikas can be useful also for understanding of the overunity effect, demonstrated in some cold fusion cells. Well-known Pons-Fleishmann's experimental set-up included the cathode of material that was over-saturated by protons when the set-up was in the operation state. So, the local concentration of positive charged protons can be considered as some local disbalance in vacuum engine and local rate of time in this area is different from normal one. The processes are produced by this local change of the curvature of space are multilevel complex energy exchange but the source of overunity is the local concentration of positive electrically charged protons that was made by means of input power source.


1. "The Hypothesis and The Equations of The Unified Matter Field" by Dr. A.A.Nassikas, Infinite Energy, March-June 1997, p.120-124.

2. "Can the vacuum be engineered for spaceflight applications? Overview of theory and experiments", Ph.Dr. H.E.Puthoff, Infinite Energy, July-November, 1997

3. The Concept of Mass Process, Alexander V. Frolov, Proceedings of International Scientific Conference "New Ideas in Natural Sciences", June 1996, St.-Petersburg, Russia, published by "Pik" Ltd., 1996.

4. Letter from M.Faraday to R. Teilor of June 25, 1844, published by Journal of Russian Physical Thought, N2, 1991, p.81.