Electrogravitational Communication System
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Preliminary Patent Specifications and Claims
Assignor to Electro-Gravitics, Inc.
Copyrighted © by The Townsend Brown family. All rights reserved.
This invention relates to the method and means of
transmitting radiant energy through space. It is contemplated that its
special field of usefulness lies in the transmission of intelligence, such
as with radio and television, and to a certain extent also in radar and
remote control. The system employs the interaction between electrodynamics
and gravitation, and the radiant energy referred to is believed to be
gravitational or "electro-gravitic" in nature. Such radiation is extremely
penetrating and is known to pass readily through barriers or shields
impenetrable to electromagnetic radiation and is, therefore, readily
distinguished by this quality.
Starting with an average radio communication system,
the present invention consists essentially of the replacement of the usual
antenna with large insulated masses. The balance of the electronic circuits
may remain virtually unchanged. A new component of radiation is produced,
and it is only that component of the radiation which passes through
electromagnetic shields that is of interest in the present specifications
and claims. The circuits and systems described herein represent additions
to and improvements upon my previously described invention -
"Electrogravitational Communication System."
In the earlier specifications and claims the use of
capacitors, in influencing the gravitational field was described at length.
It was pointed out that, under certain circumstances, associated masses
(particularly of the heavier metals) were beneficial in achieving the results
desired. The use of large capacitors at high frequencies is fraught with
almost insurmountable technical difficulties, so that it becomes necessary
to reduce the capacitance to a minimum for all high-frequency applications.
In the final analysis there is a basic similarity between capacitance and
mass, in that both represent the storage of electrical energy in space. The
use of heavy conducting mass - rather than a capacitor - makes possible an
electrical situation (especially when the mass is in the form of a sphere)
which offers minimum external capacitance, hence definite advantages at high
In the attached drawings [not present], for the
sake of clarity, the simplest aspects of the present invention are set forth.
In Fig. 1, the transmitter is enclosed in a shielded metal case (1) which
is grounded. Within this case, a large mass (2) - preferably of heavy metal
(such as lead and spherical in shape) is suitably supported on insulators
(not shown) and electrically connected to inductor (3) which is coupled to
and energized by oscillator (4). Mass (2), by virtue of its external
capacitance and the inductance (3), is set in electrical resonance and is
continuously energized by oscillator (4) at high frequency. Inasmuch as the
electro-gravitic effect is a function of the peak voltages reached, as well
as the rate of change of voltage, inductor (3) must be such as to permit
peak voltages of the order of 100 KV or more to be impressed on mass (2).
The modulator circuits, not shown in the present diagram, control the
amplitude of the oscillator output and hence the voltage swings of mass (2)
when amplitude modulation is used.
The rapid alterations of voltage (at radio frequency)
on the heavy mass (2) is believed to induce an electro-gravitic effect and
cause the propagation of gravitational waves of the same frequency. These
waves appear to radiate from the center of gravity of mass (2) and penetrate
the surrounding electrically-grounded shield (1). Passing outward, as a
succession of concentric spherical fronts, and being attenuated as the square
of the distance, these gravitational waves penetrate shield (5) of the
receiver and induce an alternating voltage upon mass (6). The alternating
voltage upon mass (6). The alternating voltage induced is a function of the
amplitude of the gravitational wave (carrier) received at this point. When
the circuit is tuned by inductor (7) so as to be in resonance with the
carrier, maximum energy is fed to receiver (8) and converted into audible
sound in accordance with the modulated signal of the transmitter.
In Fig. 2, an underground high power transmitter is
shown. The purpose of installing the transmitter in an underground location
is partly for convenience in supporting and insulating the required heavy
mass, partly for ease in electrically shielding such an installation and
partly to eliminate all wires above the surface of the earth. In such an
installation the underground vault may be lined with sheet metal (1) and
thoroughly grounded electrically. Mass (2) in the form of lead bricks cam be
built in any desired shape or size. The total mass is supported upon
insulating columns (7) of sufficient size to permit operating voltages of
100 KV or more. For larger stations it is suggested that the total weight of
such an electro-gravitic antenna system may reach 10 to 30 tons. Various
metals may be used depending upon the economic and engineering factors
involved. From an electro-gravitic standpoint the only factors which are
important are the density of the metal and the electrical capacitance
(external) of the mass as a whole. Since iron is relatively inexpensive,
cast iron blocks may be used instead of lead blocks. However, because of
the lower density of iron, the total volume must be greater to equal the
weight of lead. Iron blocks, therefore, may be used if the resulting larger
surface of the total installation does not increase the electrical
capacitance of the system beyond the tolerable limits for the frequency
An electrical conductor connects mass (2) through bushing
(3) (through the wall separating the antenna vault from the rest of the
electrical equipment) to inductor (4). This comprises the resonance system
(tank circuit) which is continuously fed by oscillator (5). The amplitude
of the carrier is controlled by modulator (6).
In Fig. 3, a device is shown which will convert any
electro-magnetic (radio) receiver into an electro-gravitic receiver. It
consists essentially of a lead ball (1) which is 12" in diameter more or
less, suitably supported on insulators (6), within an electrically-grounded
shield (2). The space between the lead ball and the shield may be adjustable
or adapted to be filled with a dielectric liquid or gas under pressure, so
that the capacitance may be adjusted to approach that of the outside antenna
which it replaces. The electrical conductor from the lead ball (1) passes
through a suitable insulated bushing in the base of shield (2) and thence by
shielded cable (3) to the antenna terminal of any conventional radio
receiver (4) and loudspeaker (5). Such a receiver using a lead ball,
adequately shielded electro-magnetically, as an antenna will presumably not
pick up the electromagnetic component of a broadcasting station, but will
receive only the electro-gravitic component.
It will be recognized that any broadcasting station will
transmit an electro-gravitic component which will depend largely upon the
mass of the energized antenna system plus the effective mass of air
immediately adjacent to the antenna. The electro-gravitic component will not
be subject to ionospheric variables, disturbances, phase interference or
shadows, as it is the electro-magnetic component, but will pass directly
from transmitter to receiver subject only to the inverse square law (no
shielding being known). The average broadcasting station may be converted to
an electro-gravitic transmitting station as in Fig. 2. This would result in
the complete elimination of the electro-magnetic component of the
In the foregoing broad specifications, the use of ultra
high frequencies, such as those used in television and radar, have not been
specifically mentioned, but it will be clear to anyone skilled in the art
that the same basic principles apply.
1. In a communication, television, radar or remote
control system, the substitution of a heavy mass, which may be
electro-magnetically shielded, for the antenna normally employed.
2. In communication systems or the like the use of heavy
insulated masses, which may be entirely surrounded by electro-magnetic
shielding, in place of the unshielded antenna normally used.
3. The method of transmitting intelligence through space
consisting in adapting a heavy mass capable of being electrically charged,
insulating said mass as to retain said charge, conveying to or receiving
from said mass a varying electric charge and utilizing said mass to generate
or intercept a form of radiant energy which will penetrate electro-magnetic
4. Method of transmitting and receiving intelligence
consisting in utilizing the interaction and influence at a distance between
one heavy mass at the transmitting end an one heavy mass at the receiving
end, by altering the electrical potential of the transmitting mass and
amplifying and interpreting the electrical potential induced in the
receiving mass, said influence penetrating electro-magnetic shielding.
5. Method and means for transmitting intelligence
comprising a system of two or more insulated masses, means for altering the
electrical charge on one mass and means for detecting and interpreting the
induced electrical charge on the distant mass or masses, the interaction of
said masses being capable of penetrating electro-magnetic shielding.
6. In a communication system as described, a ball of
lead or other heavy metal, serving as an antenna, insulated and supported
within a grounded metal shield.
7. In a communication system as described, and antenna
composed of blocks of iron, lead or other heavy electrically conducting
solids, suitably insulated from the ground and shielded against
8. In a communication system as described, an antenna
consisting of a tank of water, mercury, or other conducting fluid, suitably
insulated from the ground and shielded against electromagnetic radiation.
Inventor: Thomas Townsend Brown
Read and witnessed this ____ day of September, 1953 at Cleveland, Ohio.
Thomas Townsend Brown, being duly sworn, deposes and
says that he believes himself to be the original, first and sole inventor
of the foregoing "Electrogravitational Communication System" (total of 8
pages) substantially as set forth and has subscribed the same in my presence
this ____ day of September, 1953 at Cleveland, Ohio.
Please be advised that this document is copyrighted © by The Townsend Brown family. All rights reserved.
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